picture of dog and bicycle with ketone and glucose meter readings verifying ketosis in dog

Making a Keto Meal

After we did the *basic 2:1 ratio plan offered by Keto Pet sanctuary* for 120 days I went on to reduce the ratio down to 1:1. Which is 1 gram of Fat for every 1 gram of protein + net carb. Approx 69% of her daily calories come from fat, 27% of her daily calories come from protein, and about 3% from carbs. We also brought in grass fed and finished Heart, Liver, and Kidney along with a host of other things vital to round out the diet to balance things out nutritionally.

*The basic keto plan is not nutritionally balanced! continue reading this page for more details*

BalancedKeto.jpg

here is a brief summary from keto pet on how to calculate the data
Creating a Meal Plan for Your Dog (1)

Now, the actual way we determine what goes into the meal is determined by assessing the dogs body composition and determining a total amount of calories we want to start the diet on. lets say your dog weighs 60lbs and is determined we want to feed 16 calories per pound (cpp) we formulate a diet for a total of 960calories per day (60lbs x 16cpp)

Important Info
When starting a new Ketogenic diet , here are some basic things to keep in mind:

  • This diet is very calorie restricted if you’re following keto pets online calculator. each meal is portioned and weighed to exacting gram measurements ensuring the proper caloric and ketogenic ratios are met for your dog. You will need a decent digital scale that measures in Grams.
  • I advise everyone to make a working version of the keto calculator so you are self sufficient and in charge of any and all aspects of feeding this diet to your furry friend!
  • The meals are meant to be fed RAW. or at the very most only lightly warmed or quickly seared. but NEVER cooked! Dog’s can’t digest cooked fats well and that is a recipe for pancreatitis. More info in this video here
  • If your dog is currently eating kibble this is a good article to learn on different ways to transition over to raw.
  • Won’t a high fat diet cause Pancreatitis? simple answer, No. Keto Pet sanctuary did not have a single dog develop pancreatitis. And as of August 2019 my dog Emie has been following a strict RAW ketogenic meal plan for over 2 years.
    Hi Fat in the presence of high carbs often lead to it, or cooked fats. more info here
  • Short explanation of what Ketosis is by Dr.Karen Becker. Video here
  • contrary to popular belief, its better for a dog to be as “slim” or “trim” as possible when fighting sickness/disease vs. “fattening” a dog up to fight cancer/sickness etc.
  • If you have more than 1 dog, you cannot let them eat each others meals! the portions are calculated exactly for the particular dog!
  • No additional treats should be fed while on keto. or at least until the dog is verified it has reached ketosis by blood testing. we don’t want to be feeding any additional calories on top of the meals in the interim.
  • If you want to verify nutritional ketosis, you must test the blood. Its the only way to know! follow my info in the keto tips section for my info on blood testing. This is VERY important to do. You cannot just assume your dog is in ketosis simply because you are feeding keto. And do back this up, my personal experience with my dog Emie proves this. When we first started feeding the ketogenic meals, we had to do numerous calorie reductions until her body finally entered ketosis verified by blood ketone and glucose readings. Had I just assumed she was in ketosis without verifying with blood readings, we would have been wasting our time.
  • If your dog is coming from a kibble/hi carb diet, you may need to help compensate by adding some salt/sodium to the keto diet to help balance electrolytes during the transition of a high carb diet to an ultra low carb diet. more info on that here
  • But regardless of what kind of food they previously ate before, it may be advised to slowly transition to feeding the new keto diet. After all, we are introducing a very hi fat diet that each dog will handle differently.
  • You must monitor their body weight closely! or if you don’t have easy access to a scale then you must pay close attention to their body composition by following this chart. Most dogs start the diet overweight and we feed them a calorie restricted diet that will typically make them drop weight fast. My dog lost around 12 lbs in about 6 weeks. My vet thought his scale was broken when we brought Emie in for a checkup. He was blown away at how quick she got whipped into shape! We ultimately wound up shedding a total of about 17lbs!
  • Most dogs will act extremely hungry in the beginning stages of this diet! they will scavenge for whatever crumbs they can find to eat. This is harder for the humans to deal with than it is for the dog. This phase will pass. Stick to your guns- it’s in their best interest. Along with visual weight loss, the GI tract is also shrinking.
  • We also need to address INCREASING the calories of the plan once the dog achieves the desired weight! so once the dog is nearing as thin of a body composition that you want, then we need to increase the calories to prevent further weight loss! My dog Emie started keto on 15cpp (calories per pound) now we feed around 23 cpp to maintain her optimum weight. She went from 65 lbs down to a lean 53 lbs in less than 2 months between diet and exercise, and once we hit our ideal weight we increased calories and recalculated the plan accordingly. See Emie’s before and after pictures here
  • Fresh ground chia seed can be added to the meals to help their stomachs. Approx 1TBL can be given for every 40lbs of the dogs body weight.
  • The basic Keto meal plan is not a balanced diet and is not intended to be fed for more than 120 days. There are SEVERE nutritional deficiencies if you only feed the basic diet consisting of ground beef, fat and a single veggie. I advised that you will have to add the basic important things ASAP like calcium/bone meal, vitamin supplement, and although not required adding a quality probiotic can always be beneficial for the dog. The dog food industry is riddled with supplements. Some good and some terrible. so do your research! More info on what’s lacking in the “basic diets”
  • Looking for a properly balanced ketogenic meal plan for your dog? click here
  • After 120 days the keto diet should be reassessed and fat ratios may be lowered depending on the exacting circumstances of the animal.
  • If you need to give additional meds/pills that they wont eat if you try and hide them in the meal, you can try hiding them in some of the meat you use to make the meal and making your own little “pill pockets” or a small amount of organic cream cheese works wonders too. That’s Emie’s personal favorite.  DO NOT USE THE MANUFACTURED PILL POCKETS! CARBS/STARCH/SUGAR AND A BUNCH OF OTHER NOT GOOD STUFF IN THOSE THINGS.
  • Avoid all foods/treats/supplements that contain sugar and carbs! you have to inspect everything you’re using to make sure there are no hidden additives you may not think are there!
  • Avoid all veggies that contain sugar
  • Avoid non-organic veggies! Unfortunately commercially grown produce is riddled with pesticides
  • If your budget allows for grass fed/finished meats, then by all means use them. be aware that legally they can label beef as grass fed but still finish with grain! so make sure you’re getting what you’re paying for by making sure it’s grass finished too.
  • 80/20 ground beef is the easiest grind of beef to find at local grocery stores. 80/20 contains 20%fat
  • organic cold pressed unrefined coconut oil is the preferred fat used in the free meal plans. If you can find it in glass jars vs. plastic all the better!
  • Broccoli is the “default” veggie used in the free meal plans handed out. you can either feed raw, or lightly steam. I’ve done both and prefer to dice it up small in an electric food processor for easy distribution in making the meals
  • Sometimes dog’s can be picky and refuse to eat the meal in the beginning, this happens quite a bit and it happened to me. I personally had great luck using green lipped mussel powder sprinkled on top as a little incentive for my dog to eat the meal. she loves the stuff. homemade bone broth is another favorite. store bought broth is to high in sodium so don’t try to use that, and never use a broth that has onions. dog’s should never consume onions. Do some research ahead of time in the ketogenic dog group on facebook to see what others have done to overcome a picky eater. I advise you prepare yourself before this happens so when/if it does happen with your dog you can be prepared! making some bone broth and freezing it to keep on hand just for emergency use may come in handy!
  • Don’t forget to read the FAQ on the keto pet sanctuary website too! HERE
  • Need to look up nutritional info on a food item? use a website like this one
  • Sometimes dog’s stomachs can have a hard time adjusting to a high fat diet, resulting in diarrhea. Some remedies include canned pumpkin (pure-no sugar added), chia seed, slippery elm bark, psyllium husk
  • When first Starting your dog on Keto, you may have to add salt. Here’s why
  • When using Keto Pet Sanctuary’s online calculator, one of the things people always get confused about is adding 0g if the ingredient says add 0. This simply means you do not need to add it! link to ketopets 2:1 online calculator click here

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